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fehrbelliner92:toscanewcontact [2007/12/20 09:39]
kfr
fehrbelliner92:toscanewcontact [2007/12/28 09:40]
ingefra
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 ====== A Jewish Family in Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg between 1922 and 1943 ====== ====== A Jewish Family in Berlin-Prenzlauer Berg between 1922 and 1943 ======
-written by Sophie Lange+//written by Sophie Lange//
  
 Sima Süssman, nee Fluss (*18.8.1891) and her husband Jakob (*26.8.1884) came to Berlin from Pysnica in Poland between 1922 and 1924. Why? We suspect that the living conditions were worse in Poland than in Berlin and that they wanted to find better jobs and also a better education for their children. In Poland Jews experienced pogroms ​ and persecution long before the National Socialists came to power in Germany. However, what did the Süßmanns find in Germany? Not only the Golden Twenties, but also widespread poverty and unemployment. If they had hoped to escape antisemitism in Poland, they were disappointed. The discrimination of Polish Jews and anti-Semitism grew. Sima Süssman, nee Fluss (*18.8.1891) and her husband Jakob (*26.8.1884) came to Berlin from Pysnica in Poland between 1922 and 1924. Why? We suspect that the living conditions were worse in Poland than in Berlin and that they wanted to find better jobs and also a better education for their children. In Poland Jews experienced pogroms ​ and persecution long before the National Socialists came to power in Germany. However, what did the Süßmanns find in Germany? Not only the Golden Twenties, but also widespread poverty and unemployment. If they had hoped to escape antisemitism in Poland, they were disappointed. The discrimination of Polish Jews and anti-Semitism grew.
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 Rebekka and Sophie N. from the John Lennon College found Aron’s school certificate in the archive of their school. They had little hopes of finding anything, because the school did not establish its archive until later. There was only a big book with school certificates from Aron’s time. As several of us had already heard from others that they had not found anything, Rebekka and Sophie N. were all the more surprised when a page fell out of the book and it happened to be one of Aron Süssmann’s school certificates. When leafing through the book, they also found Aron’s very last certificate from this school. This made us all very happy. Rebekka and Sophie N. from the John Lennon College found Aron’s school certificate in the archive of their school. They had little hopes of finding anything, because the school did not establish its archive until later. There was only a big book with school certificates from Aron’s time. As several of us had already heard from others that they had not found anything, Rebekka and Sophie N. were all the more surprised when a page fell out of the book and it happened to be one of Aron Süssmann’s school certificates. When leafing through the book, they also found Aron’s very last certificate from this school. This made us all very happy.
  
-|{{fehrbelliner92:​brother_web.jpg?​400|}}|+|{{fehrbelliner92:​brother_web.jpg?​300|}}|
 ^Aron Süssmann\\ Photo: privat^ ^Aron Süssmann\\ Photo: privat^
  
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 Tosca also went to school in the Zehdenicker Strasse at the neighbouring 152nd //​Volksschule//​ probably until 1938. From 15th November 1938 Jewish children were forced to attend Jewish schools only. Tosca then went to a Jewish school in the Ryke Strasse and later to another in the Choriner Strasse to prepare for emigration. Tosca also went to school in the Zehdenicker Strasse at the neighbouring 152nd //​Volksschule//​ probably until 1938. From 15th November 1938 Jewish children were forced to attend Jewish schools only. Tosca then went to a Jewish school in the Ryke Strasse and later to another in the Choriner Strasse to prepare for emigration.
  
-|{{fehrbelliner92:​tosca_purim.jpg?​400|}} +|{{fehrbelliner92:​tosca_purim.jpg?​400|}}| 
-^Tosca Purimfeier Jüdische Schule Rykestr.\\ Photo privat^+^Tosca Purimfeier Jüdische Schule Rykestr.\\ Photoprivat^
  
 At the 152nd school, Tosca was asked to describe her family’s looks. Her sister and Aron were blond and had blue eyes. Her mother, Sima, had black hair and also blue eyes. Tosca describes her today as „a strong soul“. She always thought positively, optimistically. For her there was never a „no“, only a „yes“. Tosca’s family members did not correspond to National Socialist racial ideology, which Tosca’s teacher commented on in her presence. At the 152nd school, Tosca was asked to describe her family’s looks. Her sister and Aron were blond and had blue eyes. Her mother, Sima, had black hair and also blue eyes. Tosca describes her today as „a strong soul“. She always thought positively, optimistically. For her there was never a „no“, only a „yes“. Tosca’s family members did not correspond to National Socialist racial ideology, which Tosca’s teacher commented on in her presence.
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 On March 20th, 2007 we put //​Stolpersteine//​ in front of Strassburger Str. 60. David, Toscas son, came to be there with us. On March 20th, 2007 we put //​Stolpersteine//​ in front of Strassburger Str. 60. David, Toscas son, came to be there with us.
 +
 +|{{fehrbelliner92:​stolpersteine_familie_suessmann.jpg?​400|}}|
 +^ "​Stolpersteine"​ in front of the house\\ Straßburger Str. 60. Berlin- Prenzlauer Berg\\ Photo: privat^
  
 [[thanks#​salomea_genin|Translation Salomea Genin]] [[thanks#​salomea_genin|Translation Salomea Genin]]